1. Zacharin RF: A history of obstetric vesicovaginal fistula. Aust NZ J Surg, 70: 851-854, 2000.
  2. Hilton P: Surgical fistulae and obstetric fistulae. In: Cardozo LD, Staskin D (ed.), Textbook of Female Urology and Urogynaecology. London, Isis Medical Media Ltd, pp. 691-719, 2001.
  3. Sthoter SL, Chopra A, Raz S: Vesicovaginal fistula. In: Raz S (ed.), Female Urology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 2a ed., pp. 490-506, 1996.
  4. Miller EA, Webster GD. Current management of vesicovaginal fistulae. Current Opinion in Urology, 11(4): 417-421, 2001.
  5. Hilton P: Vesico-vaginal fistula: new perspectives. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 13(5): 513-520, 2001.
  6. Dogra PN, Nabi G: Laser welding of vesicovaginal fistula. Int Urogynecol J Floor Dysfunct, 12(1): 69-70, 2001.
  7. Thomas K, Williams G: Medicolegal aspects of vesicovaginal fistulae. BJU Int, 86: 354-359, 2000.
  8. Adetiloye VA, Dare FO: Obstetric fistula: evaluation with ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med, 19: 243-249, 2000.
  9. Volkmer BG, Kuefer R, Nesslauer T, Loeffler M, Gottfried HW: Colour Doppler ultrasound in vesicovaginal fistulas. Ultasound Med Biol, 26: 771-775, 2000.
  10. Muntz HG, Goff BA, Thor AD, Tarraza HM: Post-hysterectomy carcinoma of the fallopian tube mimicking a vesicovaginal fistula. Obstet Gynecol, 79(5): 853-856, 1992.
  11. Kliment J, Berats T: Treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas. Cesk Gynekol, 57(6): 267-271, 1992.
  12. Davits RJ, Miranda SI: Conservative treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas by bladder drainage alone. Br J Urol, 68(2): 155-156, 1991.
  13. Geetsen UA, Nielsen HV: Vesicovaginal fistulas with special reference to therapeutic possibilities and time. Ugeskr Laeger, 155(26): 2046-2049, 1993.
  14. Soong Y, Lim PH: Urological injuries in gynaecological practice – when is the optimal time to repair? Singapore Med J, 38(11): 475-478, 1997.
  15. Arrowsmith SD: Genitourinary reconstruction in obstetric fistulas. J Urol 152(1): 403-406, 1994.
  16. Akman RY, Sargin S, Ozdemir G, Yazicioglu A, Cetin S: Vesicovaginal and ureterovaginal fistulas: a review of 39 cases. Int Urol Nephrol, 31(3): 321-326, 1999.
  17. Leach GE, Raz S: Vaginal flap technique: A method of transvaginal vesicovaginal fistula repair. In: Raz S (ed.), Female Urology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, pp. 372-377, 1992.
  18. Rangnekar NP, Imdad AN, Kaul SA, Pathak HR: Role of Martius procedure in the management of urinary-vaginal fistulas. J Am Coll Surg, 191: 259-263, 2000.
  19. Hurley LJ, Previte SR: Vaginal pedicled flap for closure of vesicovaginal fistula. Urology, 56: 856, 2000.
  20. Evans DH, Madjar S, Politano VA, Bejany DE, Lynne CM, Gousse AE: Interposition flaps in transabdominal vesicovaginal fistula repairs: are they really necessary? Urology, 57: 670-674, 2001.
  21. Benchekroun A, Lachkar A, Alami M, Soumana A, Farih MH, Belahnech Z, Margou KM Faik M: The Martius flap in the treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas. Report of 20 cases. Ann Urol, 33: 85-88, 1999.
  22. Smith GL, William G: Vesicovaginal fistula. BJU Int, 83: 564-570, 2000.
  23. Leng WW, Amundsen Cl, Mcguire EJ: Management of female genitourinary fistulas: transvesical or transvaginal approach? J Urol, 160: 1995-1999, 1998.
  24. Nesrallah LJ, Srougi M, Guittes RF: The O’Conor technique: the gold standard for supratrigonal vesicovaginal fistula repair. J Urol, 161: 566-568, 1999.
  25. Cetin S, Yazicioglu A, Ozgur S, Ilker Y, Dalva I: Vesicovaginal fistula repair: a simple suprapubic transvesical approach. Int Urol Nephrol, 20: 265-268, 1998.
  26. Amundsen CL, Guralnick ML, Webster GD: Functional success of vaginal-cuff excision as a technique for transvaginal repair of vesicovaginal fistula after hysterectomy. J Pelvic Surg, 7: 15-18, 2001.
  27. Leach Ge, Trockman BA: Surgery for fistulas and diverticulum. In: Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan ED, Wein AD (editors), Campbell’s Urology, 7th ed.. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, pp. 1135-1153, 1998.
  28. Raz S, Bregg KJ, Nitti VW, Sussman E: Transvaginal repair of vesicovaginal fistula using peritoneal flap. J Urol, 150: 56-59, 1993.
  29. Langkilde NC, Pless TK, Lundbeck F, Nerstrom B: Surgical repair of vesicovaginal fistulae. Scand J Urol Nephrol, 33:100-103, 1999.
  30. Hilton P: Debate: post-operative urogenital fistulae are best managed by gynaecologists in specialist centers. Br J Urol, 80(1): 35-42, 1997.
  31. Hilton P, Ward A: Epidemiological and surgical aspects of urogenital fistulae: a review of 25 years experience in south-east Nigeria. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct, 9: 189-194, 1998.
  32. Kanaoka Y, Hirai K, Ishiko O, Ogita S: Vesicovaginal fistula treated with fibrin glue. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 73(2): 147-9, 2001.
  33. Nabi G, Hemal AK: Laparoscopic repair of vesicovaginal fistula and right nephrectomy for nonfunctioning kidney in a single session. J Endourol, 15(8): 801-803, 2001.
  34. Miklos JR, Sbolewski C, Lucente V: Laparoscopic management of recurrent vesicovaginal fistula. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct, 10(2): 116-117, 1999.
  35. Theobald P, Hamel P, Febbraro W: Laparoscopic repair of vesicovaginal fistula using an omental J flap. Br J Obstet Gynaecol, 105(11): 1216-1218, 1998.
  36. Mckay HA: Vesicovaginal and vesicocutaneous fistulas: transurethral suture cystorrhaphy as a new technique. J Urol, 158(4): 1513-1516, 1997.
  37. Okamura K , Kanai S, Kurokawa T, Kondo A: Endoscopic transvesico-transurethral approach for repair of vesicovaginal fistula: initial case report. J Endourol, 11(3): 203-205, 1997.
  38. Stovsky, M.D., Ignatoff, J.M., Blum, M.D., Nanninga, J.B., O"Conor, V.J., Kursh, E.D.: Use of electrocoagulation in the treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas. J.Urol., 152:1443,1994.
  39. Petterson, S., Hedelin, H., Janson I., Teger-Nilson, A.C.: Fibrin occlusion of vesicovaginal fistula. Lancet, 28:933,1979.
  40. Morita, T., Tokue, A.: Successful endoscopic closure of radiation induced vesicovaginal fistula with fibrin glue and bovine collagen. J. Urol., 162(5):1689, 1999.