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Vesicouterine fistulas are uncommon complications, occurring among 1 and 4% of urogenital fistulas. They normally appear as consequence of complicated labors, pelvic inflammatory processes or as complications resulting from radiation of tumors of the pelvic region 1. Similar to most urogenital fistulas, the most frequent symptom is urinary incontinence, causing physical problems, such as urinary infections, ammoniacal dermatitis and also psycho-social problems 2.

Historically, in the treatment of vesicouterine fistulas, we have used clinical methods or less invasive procedures, or even surgical treatment.