Resulting from the actual life expectancy, women
tend to pass a significant part of life exposed to the prejudicial effects of estrogen
deficiency that comes from ovarian failure(1,2,3,4).
The alterations induced by estrogen deficiency in the urinary tract find justification in
the embryological origin, common in female genitalia and the urinary tract, that develop
from the urogenital sinus. Another strong indication of the action of sexual steroids is
the existence of hormonal receptors, and many authors described a presence of estradiol
and progesterone receptors in the urethra as well as in the vesical trigone and in the